Following on from my previous post “is cow’s milk good for muscles“, it is with almost perverse pleasure that I present the findings of a recent study from the BMJ.
Previously we’ve shown that milk is associated with muscle gains…
This study looked at over 60,000 women and 45,000 men in Sweden and found that high milk consumption in adults is associated with increased mortality and, among women, increased fracture risk.
After adjusting for other variables, men drinking 3 or more glasses daily had a significant, increase in mortality. Women who reported drinking 3 or more glasses of milk daily had DOUBLE the risk of total mortality (compared with those drinking less than a glass daily) as well as an increased risk for hip/any fracture.
The authors hypothesise that the D-galactose in milk, which has been shown to induce oxidative stress damage and chronic inflammation in animals, is associated with cardiovascular disease, cancer, bone loss, and sarcopenia in humans.
Michaëlsson Karl, Wolk Alicja, Langenskiöld Sophie, Basu Samar, Warensjö Lemming Eva, Melhus Håkan et al. Milk intake and risk of mortality and fractures in women and men: cohort studies BMJ 2014; 349:g6015.